Pregnancy and Fluoride Do Not Mix

92 pages • Paperback: 5.25 x 8" • $9.95

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John D. MacArthur's new book includes his three well-documented reports
(300 references) published in the Townsend Letter that review
fluoride's adverse affects on pregnancy.


Based on statements by advisory and regulatory agencies in the United States, fluoride should not be consumed during pregnancy.
  •  Institute of Medicine (1997)
  •  National Research Council (2006)
  •  National Scientific Council on the Developing Child (2006)
  •  Neurotoxicology Division, Environmental Protection Agency (2009, 2015)
  •  National Toxicology Program (2016)
  •  Fluoridated Tap Water Should Have a Pregnancy Warning

A global review of recent laboratory, clinical, and ecological evidence that fluoride is a significant risk factor for premature birth and long-term neurological disabilities in children.

  • US Preterm Birth Rate Unusually High
  • Residence in the US a Risk Factor for Preterm Birth
  • Best-Available Science Will Reduce Preterm Birth by Only 5%
  • Fluoride: Ancient Enemy of Biological Systems
  • Molecular Mechanisms of Fluoride Toxicity
  • Fluoride Inhibits the Enzyme Enolase
  • Fluoride, Anemia, and Preterm Birth: A.K. Susheela's Research
  • Prenatal Fluoride Linked to Low Birthweight
  • Low Birthweight, Cognitive Problems, Autism, and Obesity
  • Iron-Deficiency Anemia
  • Microflora in the GI Tract
  • Thyroid Disorders and Preterm Birth
  • Prematurity and Infant Mortality
  • Water Fluoridation and Preterm Birth Rates
  • HPA Axis: Link Between Preterm Birth and Brain Disorders
  • Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
  • Prenatal Fluoride and Hyperactivity
  • Fluoride, Defective Tooth Enamel and Prematurity
  • Genetic Factor
  • Fluoride Contaminates US Processed Food & Beverage Chain
  • Cognitive Scores and Gestational Age
  • References

New research and diverse evidence implicate fluoride and fluorosis in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia, the dangerous pregnancy complication caused by the abnormal placenta.

  • Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) Stress
  • Fluoride Causes ER Stress in Fluorosis
  • ER Stress in Preeclampsia
  • Fluoride and Hypertension
  • Fluoride, Oxidative Stress, and Placental Melatonin
  • Acetaminophen and Fluoride – Synergistic Damage
  • Angiogenic Factors and Fluoride
  • Inflammation: Periodontal Disease, Preeclampsia, and Fluorosis
  • Fluoridated Water, Dental Fluorosis, and Preeclampsia
  • Fluoridated Water, Hypothyroidism, and Preeclampsia
  • FDA: Fluoride and Pregnancy
  • Research Needed
  • Preventing Preeclampsia
  • References

Fluoride swallowed in amniotic fluid may disrupt colonization and composition of bacteria in the fetal GI tract – adversely affecting neurological and immunological development.

  • Fluoride Weakens Bacterial Adhesion Forces
  • Adhesion Forces and Bacterial Colonization of the GI Tract
  • Fluoridated Amniotic Fluid
  • Gut Bacteria and Autism
  • Gut Bacteria, Immune System, Autism, and Fluoride
  • Adhesion Molecules, Autism, and Fluoride
  • Fluoride Adversely Affects Synaptic Development
  • Fluoride is a "Developmental Neurotoxicant"
  • Fetal Fluoride Levels Depend on the Mother's Fluoride Intake
  • Fetuses Exceed Tolerable Upper Intake Level of Fluoride
  • Developmental Defects Increase with Fluoride Levels in Water
  • Genetic Susceptibility to Fluoride's Adverse Effects
  • SSRIs and Autism
  • Preeclampsia, Autism, and Fluoride
  • Fluoride, Premature Birth, and Autism
  • Hypothyroidism, Autism, ADHD, and Fluoridated Water
  • More Fluoride Absorbed from Artificially Fluoridated Water
  • Fluoride, Copper, and Autism
  • Prenatal Fluoride: All Risk and No Benefit
  • Lack of Fluoride-Pregnancy Research
  • The Elephant in the Womb
  • References

  •  Infancy and Fluoride Do Not Mix
  •  Fluoride and Life Decay
  •  References

Back cover
Back cover illustration courtesy of
Sheng Yi Lee ©2015

Research Reports by John D. MacArthur